Subject Index

Acorn Moth (1) Acorn Weevil (1) Acorns (3) albino (1) alder (2) Algae (3) Ambush Bugs (1) American Chestnut (1) American Painted Lady (1) amphipods (3) angle-lined Prominent (1) animal sign (4) antique lumber (1) Antlions (1) ants (15) aphids (6) Aquatic Insects (11) Aspen (3) Astronomy (1) Azaleas (1) Azures (3) Backyard (21) Bagworm (1) bald eagle (1) Bald Eagle State Park (1) barbed wire fence (1) Barn Swallows (1) Basswood Leafroller (1) Beauty of Spring (3) Beech (1) Bees (11) beetle (3) Belize (1) benthic drift (3) biological control agents (1) Bioluminescence (1) birds (3) Birds Nest Fungus (2) bittercress (2) Black Bear (1) black locust (2) Black Locust Treehopper (1) Black-and-yellow Mud Dauber (6) bladderwort (1) blue mud dauber (1) Blueberry (4) Bobcat (2) Bog (3) bog plants (7) Bracken Fern (1) broad-leaved helleborine (4) brush-footed butterflies (2) bull elk fighting (1) Bumblebees (1) buprestid beetle (1) butterflies (8) butterfly chrysalis (2) Cabbage White (1) caddisfly larvae (1) camouflage (1) campfires (1) carnivorous plants (6) Catalpa (2) caterpillar silk (1) Caterpillars (10) Cattail (3) Cellophane Bees (1) Cerceris fumipennis (1) chalcid wasps (2) Chemical defenses (5) Chickadee (1) Christmas (1) Christmas Ferns (1) Cicada Parasite Beetle (1) Citrine Sallow (1) Citronella ants (2) Cleistogamous flowers (2) click beetles (1) cliff swallow (1) Clostera inclusa (1) clover (1) Coccinellid larvae (1) Cockroach (1) Collembola (1) Coltsfoot (4) Coot (1) Coyote (1) cranberries (1) crane fly (1) crickets (3) cyclops (1) Daisies (1) Dance Fly (3) Discoveries (2) dobsonfly (1) Dogwood (1) ducks (1) Dutchman's Breeches (1) earthworms (1) eastern box turtle (1) Ebony Spleenwort (1) elaiosomes (1) Elk (2) elk bugling (1) Elms (1) entomopathogenic fungi (1) Epipactis helleborine (3) European Hornets (2) extrafloral nectaries (4) fairy shrimp (1) Fall (4) fallen log (2) fat wood (1) fencerow (1) Ferns (7) firefly signals (3) fish (1) Fishers (4) flightless moth (2) forest floor (1) fossils (1) Freeze avoidance (2) Freeze tolerance (1) freshwater mussel (1) Frog (4) frog sounds (3) Frost (3) Fungi (5) galls (17) Gaywings (4) Geomorphology (2) Goldenrod (4) grass-pink (2) green lacewing (1) green-leaf volatiles (1) green-striped mapleworm (1) Greenbrier (1) hackberry (2) Halictid bees (2) Hawks (1) hellgrammite (2) hemlock (2) Hepatica (2) hibernation (1) hoar frost (1) homeschool science (4) honeydew (5) Horned Grebe (1) Horned Lark (1) Howler Monkeys (1) ice (1) ichneumon wasp (3) inchworm (1) insects (2) Jack-in-the-pulpit (2) jewelweed (2) Juneberry (1) Katydids (4) Kinglets (2) Ladies'-tresses Orchid (1) ladybird beetle larvae (2) larva (2) leaf shelter (4) leaf-shelters (1) Leafcutter bees (1) leafminers (2) Lichens (6) lightening bug (1) lightning bugs (1) logging history (3) Loons (1) Lycaenids (1) macro lens (1) mallard (1) Maples (2) Marcescence (1) Mason Wasps (1) Mayfly (3) Mergansers (3) metallic wood borer (1) metamorphosis (1) microphotography (2) midge (6) midges (1) milkweed (7) Miner Bees (3) mink (2) monarch butterfly caterpillar (2) Moss (3) Moths (15) mountain laurel (1) mud nest (1) multiflora rose (1) mushroom (2) Mycorrhizae (2) Myrmecochory (3) myrmecophily (1) myxomycetes (1) net-winged beetle (1) Night-singing insects (3) nightcrawler (1) Oak (4) Oil Beetles (1) orb weaver spider (1) Orchid (11) owl pellets (1) PA Wilds (1) parasites (1) parasitic wasps (7) passive spore dispersal (1) Pennsylvania Elk (1) Pennsylvania history (2) Pennsylvania mountains (1) Photinus pyralis (1) phytotelmata (1) Pileated Woodpecker (1) pill bug (1) Pin Oak (1) Pink Earth Lichen (2) pip galls (1) Pitch Moths (1) Pitch Pine (3) pitcher plants (4) planaria (1) poison ivy (1) Pokeweed (2) Pollination (15) Polypody (1) pond (1) Poplar (1) Poplar Tentmaker Moth (1) porcupines (1) potter wasp (1) puddling butterflies (1) Pussytoes (1) Question Mark Butterfly (1) red milkweed beetle (1) Redbuds (1) riparian habitat (3) rock ledges (4) Rose Pagonia (1) Rose Pogonia Orchid (1) Rose Seed Wasps (1) rosy maple moth (1) Round-lobed Hepatica (2) Salamander (15) sawfly (1) scale insects (6) Scootac (2) Scotch Pine (1) Screech Owl (2) Seed Dispersal (9) Seedbox (1) Shale Ridge (6) shotweed (2) shrews (1) silkmoth (2) Silver-spotted Skipper (2) Skunk Cabbage (4) slime mold sporangia (2) Slugs (5) Snails (3) Snapping Turtle (1) Snapshots (1) snow (9) snowshoes (3) Snowy Owl (1) solitary wasp (4) solitary wasps (4) Sowbug (1) Sphagnum Moss (1) spider (8) spiders web (2) spore dispersal mechanism (2) spring (10) spring flowers (7) springs (6) springtails (2) squirrels (3) Stemonitis (1) stinkhorns (1) Stoneflies (7) stonefly (2) Stream Ecology (9) stream processes (2) Subnivean space (2) sunrise (1) symbiosis (8) syrphid flies (1) Teaberry (2) Teasel (2) Tentaculites (1) tiny wasp (2) tracking (4) trashline orbweaver (1) tree stories (10) Trilliums (1) triungulin (1) Trout Lily (3) Turbulent Phosphila (1) Turkey Tail Fungus (1) tussock moth (1) underwater digital camera (4) Underwing moth (1) Variegated Fritillary (2) Vernal Pool (11) Viburnums (1) violet (3) Walking Ferns (1) warblers (1) Wasp (13) wasp nest (5) wasp picture (1) wasps (2) Wee Wee Ants (1) West Branch Susquehanna (4) White Admiral Butterfly (1) white pine (3) white-tailed deer (3) Wild Lupine (2) Willow (6) Willow Pine Cone Gall (1) wind dispersal (1) winter (22) Winter crane fly (4) winter insects (8) winter mushrooms (1) winter survival (4) Winterberry (1) wintermoths (3) Witch Hazel (1) Witches Broom (1) Wood Frog (8) wood-boring insects (1) Woodcock (1) woodlouse (1) woolly aphids (2) Yellow-eyed Grass (1) Yellowjackets (7)

Subject Index